The Tour de France is the one race that everyone - even those with no interest in cycling - has heard of, partly for the sheer scale of the event and partly because in its 108 year history it's become such an important and spectacular part of French, then European and latterly world culture. Yet it tends to be only cyclists who are aware that there are two more Grand Tours in every year: the Giro d'Italia in May, which is becoming better known due in part to the controversy over the very difficult parcours in 2011, and the Vuelta a España which this year takes place from the 20th of August.
The Vuelta began life in 1935, organisers drawing inspiration from the Tour and Giro; and from the enormous sales boost the newspapers that ran them received each year when the races were in progress - it will come as no surprise that it was originally created and run in the early days by the Informaciones, a Spanish daily. It was an immediate success and that first year saw one of the all-time great duels in cycling as Belgium's Gustaaf Dellor (for whom being a cyclist proved fortunate - during WW2 he was captured by the Germans and managed to get relatively easy work allocated to him in the prisoner of war camp within which he spent the rest of the conflict due to the officer in charge being a cycling fan) and the Spaniard Mariano Cañardo who had come 9th overall in the previous year's Tour. Deloor was the eventual victor, as he was when the rivalry started up again the following year. In 1937, the Spanish Civil War was in full swing and the race could not be held, making a reappearance in 1942/43 before WW2 put another temporary halt to it. It ran again between 1945 and 1948, missed a year in 1949, was raced in 1950 and then not held for four years until 1955 when it came under the ownership of El Correo and Basque People newspapers which ran it as an annual event, despite financial difficulties and a terrorist attack in 1968 which saw the race abandoned, right up until 1979 when it was taken over by publicity agents Unipublic who continue to run it to this day.
|Just five cyclists have won the Tour de France, Giro d'Italia and Vuelta Espana in their
careers: Jacques Anquetil (top left), Felice Gimondi (top right), Eddy Merckx (middle),
Bernard Hinault (bottom left) and Alberto Contador (bottom right).
Nobody has won all three in a single year - indeed, very few are even capable of entering all three; just 37 riders have managed to complete the three; doing so would be considered by many the greatest possible feat in professional cycling and would create controversy as to whether or not the cyclist who achieved such a distinction would be eligible for the Triple Crown, currently for those who have won the Tour, the Giro and the World Championships in a single year. Though an unofficial title with no prize, the Triple Crown is seen as the ultimate achievement in the sport and only Eddy Merckx and Stephen Roche have ever managed it as a Tour/Giro/Worlds combination. Saxobank Sungard team manager Bjarne Riis revealed his belief that Alberto Contador was capable of winning all three Grand Tours in 2010, which led Andy Schleck to reveal his own belief that doing so is impossible in response.
|Bradley Wiggins is among the
favourites for the Vuelta 2011 -
provided hus brokwn collarbone
is better by then.
Bradley's popularity may be instrumental in increasing the Vuelta's profile here, because provided the collar bone he broke in the early stages of the Tour has repaired by then, he's a favourite to win it and if he does so would become the first British rider to ever win a Grand Tour, virtually guaranteeing reports on television news and in the newspapers and, well - who knows? It might also, perhaps, create a revived Muggle interest in our own homegrown races, which have been largely forgotten ever since the Milk Race caught the public's imagination back in the early 1980s and that weird kid in Mrs. Watson's class who talked about gear inches instead of He-Man and eschewed E.T. stickers for photographs of Bernard Hinault suddenly became Milton Primary School's resident cycling guru and increased his circle of friends by magnitudes. That was a good fortnight, that was.
|Alberto Contador, who won the Giro and did more than most
to liven up the Tour this year, will not be competing
The Vuelta has been a part of the cycling calendar since 1935, when fifty cyclists tackled 3411km in two weeks. Like the Tour and the Giro, the course has changed every year and consists of both flat and mountain stages, often using roads in the Pyrenees covered by the Tour and frequently making excursions into France just as the Tour does into Spain. This year, it features nine flat stages, ten mountain stages with six summit finishes, one individual time trial and one team time trial. The combined 21 stages will cover 3300km and at its highest point , the peloton will climb to 2130m. In common with the French and Italian Grand Tours, the parcours is designed not just to test the riders but will also wind its way about the countryside with the express purpose of showing of the beauty of Spain and will pass through many areas of great natural charm and by several sites of historical importance.
|Alto de l'Angliru
The Vuelta also invites a number of wildcard teams. This year, two from Spain and one each from France and the Netherlands will be competing.
Andalucia Caja Granada (Spain)
Confidis-Le Credit En Ligne (France)
AG2R La Mondiale (France)
BMC Racing Team (USA)
Katusha Team (Russia)
Movistar Team (Spain)
Pro-Team Astana (Kazakhstan)
Quickstep Cycling Team (Belgium)
Rabobank Cycling Team (Netherlands)
Saxo-bank Sungard (Denmark)
Sky ProCycling (United Kingdom)
Team Garmin-Cervelo (USA/Canada)
Tean RadioShack (USA)
Vacansoleil-DCM ProCycling Team (Netherlands)
The 21stages are as follows:
1. Team time trial, Benidorm to Benidorm, 13.5 km
2. Flat, La Nucía to Playas de Orihuela, 175.5 km
3. Flat, Petrer to Totana, 163.0 km
4. Mountains, Baza to Sierra Nevada, 170.2 km
5. Flat, Sierra Nevada to Valdepeñas de Jaén, 187.0 km
6. Flat, Úbeda to Córdoba, 196.8 km
7. Flat, Almadén to Talavera de la Reina, 187.6 km
8. Mountains, Talavera de la Reina to San Lorenzo de El Escorial, 177.3 km
9. Mountains, Villacastín to Sierra de Bejar La Covatilla, 183.0 km
10. Time-trial, Salamanca to Salamanca, 47.0 km
11. Mountains, Verín to Estación de Esquí Alto de la Manzaneda, 167.0 km
12. Flat, Ponteareas to Pontevedra, 167.3 km
13. Mountains, Sarria to Ponferrada, 158.2 km
14. Mountains, Astorga to La Farrapona Lagos de Somiedo, 172.8 km
15. Mountains, Avilés to Anglirú, 142.2 km
16. Flat, La Olmeda (Palencia) to Haro, 188.1 km
17. Mountains, Faustino V to Peña Cabarga, 211.0 km
18. Mountains, Solares to Noja, 174.6 km
19. Flat, Noja to Bilbao, 158.5 km
20. Mountains, Bilbao to Vitoria, 185.0 km
21. Flat, Circuito del Jarama to Madrid, 94.2 km
We'll be bringing you stage-by-stage previews for each day of the race with details, local history, sights and things to look out for along with predictions and comments similar to those we provided for the Tours de Suisse and France earlier in the summer.