|Jan Ullrich (image credit: Heidas CC BY-SA 3.0)|
Jan Ullrich, born in Rostock on this day in 1973, was the first - and to date, only - German rider to win the Tour de France, his 1997 victory being credited as the inspiration for a massive upturn in interest in the sport in his home nation.
Ullrich - like Viatcheslav Ekimov, Alexandr Vinokourov, Jens Voigt and many other talented riders from the former USSR and Eastern Bloc - is the product of a Soviet sports academy, facilities to which young teenagers displaying athletic promise would be sent in order to be developed into the finest sportsmen and women they possibly could be, ready to go out into the world and demonstrate the glorious might of what passed for Communism in the Bloc. The school somehow carried on for two years after the Wall fell, with Ullrich, several other students and their trainer Peter Sager joining a Hamburg amateur cycling club after it finally closed. In 1994, less than one year later, he was approached by Telekom manager Walter Godefroot with a professional contract and made his mark almost immediately with a time trial bronze at the World Championships.
Things went quiet for a year and a half after that with the rider only appearing in the cycling press when he stood on the podium at the Tour du Limousin and Tour de Suisse. He wasn't hibernating through the rest of the year, however - he was winning stages and races in Germany and Russia, where the competitive scene was largely ignored by the rest of the world at the time. He also won his Time Trial National Championship in 1995. The rest of the time? Well, he was doing what East European sports academy students do - training, training and training.
|Ullrich with Vinokourov (in sunglasses)|
(image credit: Der Sascha CC BY-SA 3.0)
1998 brought the infamous Tour that became known as the Tour de Dopage, in which Ullrich won Stages 7, 17, 20 and a third Youth Category, this time coming 2nd overall behind Pantani. In 1999, he won the Vuelta a Espana and became the World Time Trial Champion, in doing so convincing the world that he had another Tour win in his legs - however, it would not come to pass because in 2000 Lance Armstrong won his first and became, to all intents and purposes, unbeatable for the next six years. Ullrich was condemned to become the Eternal Second which, he says, was a prime factor in the depression he entered and which, as is the way with depression, brought with it a series of physical illnesses. He would also face trouble with the police when he was caught drunk-driving and had his licence suspended. A month later, he was caught out in an anti-doping test that revealed traces of amphetamines and was given a six-month ban - the minimum since the court agreed that he had taken the drug, along with ecstasy, for recreational purposes rather than to improve athletic performance while out with a broken leg and there was no evidence to suggest that he had taken it again since returning to competition.
2003 looked better. For the first time in many years, he was not a favourite to win the Tour and the reduced pressure seemed to suit him well. Things took a downturn in the first week of the Tour when he fell sick, but he recovered well and got to within a minute of Armstrong. At one point, Armstrong crashed hard when his handlebars caught on a bag being waved by a spectator and Ullrich waited for him to catch up. Had he have attacked, he might have won another victory; but he can apparently recognise the difference between an honourable victory and a hollow one. In 2004, he finished 4th overall - a result with which most riders would be pleased but for him, a small disaster as it was the first time he had finished lower than 2nd. In 2005 - after crashing through the back window of his team car when it stopped without warning in front of him and a nasty crash later on a mountain stage that left him with serious and painful bruising - he finished 3rd.
|At the Giro d'Italia|
(image credit: Rocco Pier Luigi CC BY-SA 2.5)
Ullrich successfully obtained a gagging order from a German court against a journalist who claimed - with little evidence - that the rider had made a payment of €35,000 into a bank account belonging to the notorious Dr. Eufemiano Fuentes; but while he was on his honeymoon later that year his house was raided by anti-doping officials who obtained DNA samples subsequently used to prove "beyond doubt" that nine bags of blood discovered in Fuentes' offices belonged to the rider, who announced his retirement on the 26th of February in 2007. He continued to insist that he had never doped, and was allowed to keep an Olympic medal when an IOC investigation found insufficient evidence to suggest that he had cheated in the 2000 Games. In December 2011 Ullrich appeared before the Court for Arbitration in Sport, leading to brumours that he would confess to using drugs throughout his career. In February the following year he was found guilty and stripped of all results gained since May 2005.
Vladimir Efimkin was born in Kuybyshev, Russia on this day in 1981. His professional career began with Barloworld in 2005, the year he won both the General Classification and Youth Category at the Volta a Portugal after the more experienced riders in the peloton failed to take the virtually unknown Russian seriously. In 2006, he came 2nd in Stage 10 at the Giro d'Italia and then won Stage 4 at the Vuelta a Espana one year later. finishing in 6th place overall. He finished Stage 9 of the Tour de France in 2nd place in 2008, coming second to Riccardo Riccò who was subsequently disqualified during one of the most notorious doping scandals since Operacion Puerto. In 2011, now racing with US-based Pro Continental Team Type 1, he came 5th overall at the Tour of Hainan and 9th in the Tour of China. Vladiimir's twin brother Alexander Efimkin was also a professional cyclist. Alexander began his professional career two years earler is GS Pragmo and remained with them for four seasons, winning a number of races; he then joined Barloworld when his brother left in 2006, when he was second at the National Championships, and stayed for two years. In 2007 he enjoyed four victories including the General Classifications at the Giro del Capo and the Settimana Ciclistica Lombarda, then moved on to QuickStep for 2008 and came third on Stage 19 at the Giro d'Italia before switching to AG2R for 2009 and 2010, scoring his best ever Grand Tour result in the second season with the Belgian team when he was 19th overall at the Giro. For 2011 and 2012, the final seasons of his career, he rode with the US-based Team Type-1, winning the Tour of Turkey in 2011.
Eric Boyer was born on this day in Choisy-le-Roi, France in 1963. During his professional racing career, he finished the 1988 Tour de France in 5th place overall, won Stages 2 and 15 at the 1990 Giro d'Italia and Stage 4 in 1991. In 1992, he won the Tour du Limousin and Stage 8 at the Tour de Suisse, then the Route du Sud in 1993. After retiring at the end of the 1995 Season, Boyer worked as a journalist and later became manager of the Cofidis team.
(image credit: de Wielersite)
It was obvious that 1984 would bring good things - especially when he won the GP Kanton Genève and GP Kanton Zurich and six other podium finishes early int he season. He rode the Giro d'Italia and finished Stage 6 in 2nd place, but otherwise resisted temptation to ride hard and thus preserved his legs for the Tour. Unfortunately, things didn't quite work out - although he finished 3rd in Stage 6 and 6th in Stages 21 and 23, sixteen stages in which he finished outside the first 100 riders left him with an abysmal total elapsed time more than four hours behind winner Laurent Fignon; and so he became Lanterne Rouge.
His career wasn't finished yet, however - being Lanterne Rouge has its advantages, for a start, and any rider "lucky" enough to receive the "honour" can make a good living from the pay he receives to appear at local criterium races. Also, failure in the Tour de France does not mean failure as a cyclist - the Grand Tours are so far beyond anything else that merely finishing one, with any time, is indication of a rider's strength and talent; so Glaus continued to race. In 1985, he won the Swiss Aarwangen and Meyrin races and 1986 brought perhaps his greatest victory, Bordeaux-Paris. He entered the Tour twice more, in 1986 and 1987, but never again got near the podium, then finished off his career as he'd started with a string of victories in Swiss events and retired in 1982.
Born in La Ferté-Bernard, France on this day in 1987, Nicolas Edet was a successful amateur cyclo cross and mountain bike rider, then dedicated himself to road racing from 2006. He never planned on a career in sport, however: after passing his exams in 2008 (he's a qualified industrial engineer) he decided to take a year out before entering the workplace, and spent his time racing. He came fourth at the Under-23 Paris Tours and tenth at the U-23 National Championships, which convinced him to have another year on the bike - and came second at the Trophee de l'Essor.
Edet received an offer of a trainee position with Cofidis in 2010 and he has stayed with the team ever since. A series of top ten finishes from 2009 onwards always suggested that he was going to enjoy a successful career, but after winning the Tour de France Conte Cycliste, Stage 4 at the Tour de Pays de Savoie and Stage 5 at the Giro della Valle d'Aosta in 2010 he entered a two-year period during which he won nothing at all. Further top tens convinced the team to keep him on the books, however, and in 2013 he repaid their faith with an unexpected overall King of the Mountains victory at the Vuelta a Espana.
Dennis van Winden, a rider with Rabobank since 2007 and, since the bank's decision to end its support of men's professional cycling in the wake of the Lance Armstrong scandal, Belkin, for whom he will ride in 2014, was born in Delft on this day in 1997. He turned professional in 2006 with B&E before signing up to Rabo's Continental team for three seasons, then took his place on the ProTour team for 2010. In 2009, he became National Under-23 Champion and won Stage 9 at the Tour de l'Avenir; in 2011 he finished the prologue of the Tour de Romandie in 6th place and in 2012 he was third on Stage 1 at the Vuelta a Espana but suffered in the mountains later on, finishing in 164th place, 11 from last.
On this day in 1950, an unknown 16-year-old French hopeful named Jacques Anquetil became the proud owner of his very first racing licence.
On this day in 2011, Mexico City awoke to discover that cycling activists had painted a 5km long "guerilla cycle lane" leading into the centre of the city. The lane took eight hours to paint and road signs alerting motorists and cyclists to its presence had also been erected. As the lane was designed to draw attention to the fact that the Mexican government has reneged on its promise to create official cycle lanes, it ended at Congress Hall.
Other cyclists born on this day: Paul Rowney (Australia,1970); Maximo Junta (Philippines, 1950); Tinus van Gelder (Netherlands, 1911, died 1999); Neil Lyster (New Zealand, 1947); Gianni Sartori (Italy, 1946); Paavo Kuusinen (Finland, 1914, died 1979); Damian Zieliński (Poland, 1981).