Friday, 18 January 2013

Daily Cycling Facts 18.01.2013

Captain Gérard's Folding Bicycle
Bicycle History
On this day in 1896, an English patent was issued for "Captain Gérard's Folding Bicycle," a machine that had been patented in France two years previously. According to the English patent details, the machine was jointly invented by Captain Gérard and Charles Morel - this was in fact not the case. Gérard, then a French Army lieutenant, had come up with the idea that a folding bike might prove a useful method of transport for troops and had patented a design for one in 1893, but it seems he knew little about bikes and those to whom he showed his design advised him that it wouldn't work. He set about looking for someone who could assist in improving the design and eventually came across Morel who, rather than trying to modify Gérard's bike, suggested that they go into business selling his own design; evidently believing that the public would want to buy a machine tough enough for the military. The bikes were first sold in France in the summer of 1895 and proved enormously popular with the company opening a shop in Paris that autumn - in time, the army link would become less tenuous when 25 of them were put to military use. Gérard would later be promoted to captain and put in charge of a cycling regiment, and the bike was subsequently also sold to the Russian and Romanian armies. In time, the two men argued and shut down their company, selling manufacturing rights to Peugeot, Michelin and the French Army.

The Bull from Grimstad, Thor Hushovd
(image credit: Paul Hermans CC BY-SA 3.0
Thor Hushovd
2010 National and World Champion Thor Hushovd, the first Norwegian leader of the Tour de France, was born in Grimstad on this day in 1978. Highlights of his career have been winning the Under-23 Paris-Roubaix (1998), the Tour de Normadie (2001), the Tour of Sweden (2001), two earlier spells as National Champion (2004 and 2005) as well as stages at the Tour de France, Giro d'Italia, Critérium du Dauphiné and Vuelta a Espana, two Points Classification wins at the Tour and two podium finishes at Paris-Roubaix.

At 1.83m tall and 83kg, Hushovd - frequently know as "Big" Thor Hushovd as well as his other nickname The God of Thunder and among the most popular riders with fans of all nationalities - is one of the physically largest and strongest riders in the peloton and as a result is outclassed by the lighter riders in the mountains. However, he has become adept at using his strength and weight to full effect when descending, as was seen in Stage 13 of the 2011 Tour when he hit speeds as high as 112kph (68mph); days later he worked with Edvald Boasson Hagen and Ryder Hesjedal whilst descending the Col de Manse - a mountain deemed too dangerous for inclusion in the Tour by General Classification favourite Andy Schleck (who eventually lost out to Cadel Evans). Having reached the flat run-in to the finish, Hushovd beat Boasson Hagen in a final sprint and won the stage.

Tall and strong he may be, but in  2010 Hushovd was injured by a little girl; snapping his collar bone in a crash after colliding with her. He was trying to go to her aid when he realised he was injured - fortunately, she was not. He suffered more misfortune in 2012 when a mystery illness forced him out of the Giro d'Italia a month after he'd recorded some decent stage finishes at Paris-Nice and placed 14th at Paris-Roubaix: doctors discovered that a virus had caused muscle inflammation which also kept him away from the Tour and the Olympics.

Jasińska led by Sylwia Kapusta,
World Championships 2009
Małgorzata Jasińska, born in Olsztyn on this day in 1984, came second at the National Road Race Championship in 2005 before turning professional with Pol-Aqua in 2007. In 2008, still on the same team, she was second again; then in 2009 and 2010 she won. In 2011 she joined S.C. Michela Fanini-Rox and put in good performances at the Gracia Orlova and Giro del Trentino Alto Adige; in 2012 with Mcipollini-Giambenini she was third in the National Road Race Championship, sixth overall at the Trophée d'Or Féminin and won the Giro della Toscana.

Happy birthday to retired Peter van Petegem, who began his professional career with PDM in 1992 and retired after a year with Quick Step-Innergetic in 2007. In addition to winning bronze at the 2003 World Championships, Petegem was chiefly known as a Classics specialist and is one of only ten riders to have won the Tour of Flanders and Paris-Roubaix in a single season.

Christophe Kern, winner of the 2002 Under-23 Liège-Bastogne-Liège, the 2011 French Time Trial Championship and stages at the Tour de l'Avenir and Critérium du Dauphiné was born on this day in 1981 in Wissembourg, Bas-Rhin, Alsace. In 2012, his second year with Europcar, he was 83rd overall in the Tour de France; his best stage result was 16th on Stage 17

Luzia Zberg was born on this day in 1970 in Altborg, Uri, Switzerland. Now retired, she was National Road Race Champion from 1991-1994, National Individual Time Trial Champion in 1994 and 1995 and represented her country in the 1992 Olympics.

Belgian sprinter, one-time winner of Paris-Tours and podium finisher in a few Vuelta a Espana Wim Arras was born on this day in 1964. Arras' career appeared to be approaching a peak as he entered his late 20s, but was then cut short when he was injured in a motorcycle accident in 1990.

Walter Riccomi was born on this day in Montecarlo, Italy, in 1951. Riccomi finished the Giro d'Italia in 7th place overall once and 9th place overall twice as well as a 5th place overall at the Tour de France, yet never won a single stage. He seems to have been far more suited to one-day races, as his wins at Aix-en-Provence, the GP Città di Camaiore and generally better results in the earlier stages of multi-day events would seem to suggest.

Gerrit Voorting was born on this day in 1923 in Velsen, Noord-Holland, Netherlands. In addition to winning silver at the 1948 Olympics in London, Voorting won Stage 4 in the 1953 Tour de France, led the race for a day in 1956, then won Stage 2 and led for three days in 1958. He is the brother of Adrie, who represented the Netherlands in the 1952 Olympics.

Ken Farnum, born on this day in 1931, was the first Barbadian to ever compete in the Olympics (1952, Helsinki). Cyclists from Barbados had dominated the Carribean grass track racing for scene for many years by that point, but the country had no Olympic committee. As a result, he rode for Jamaica in the Sprint and 1km Time Trial, but won medals in neither.

Other cyclists born on this day: Richard Roett (Barbados, 1943); Eva Loweová-Orvošová (Slovakia, 1971); Vladimir Miholjević (Croatia, 1974); Teodor Černý (Czechoslovakia, 1957); Oksana Saprykina (Ukraine, 1979); Luvsangiin Erkhemjamts (Mongolia, 1943); Günther Ziegler (Germany, 1933); Ute Enzenauer (Germany, 1965); Valery Yardy (USSR, 1948, died 1994).

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